golang读写excel

本测试中使用的第三方库为:https://github.com/tealeg/xlsx ,其项目页上介绍“ ”Google Go (golang) library for reading and writing XLSX files. You should probably also checkout: https://github.com/360EntSecGroup-Skylar/excelize “ ,所以也可以引入https://github.com/360EntSecGroup-Skylar/excelize模块进行excel处理,不过其相较于python的模块来说,功能上还是比较弱。

一、读文件

go get github.com/tealeg/xlsx

先安装依赖库。读取的源文件内容如下:

go-xlsx

读取文件的源代码如下:

package main
import(
    "fmt"
    "github.com/tealeg/xlsx"
)
var (
    inFile = "test.xlsx"
)
func main(){
    // 打开文件
    xlFile, err := xlsx.OpenFile(inFile)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err.Error())
        return
    }
    // 遍历sheet页读取
    for _, sheet := range xlFile.Sheets {
        fmt.Println("sheet name: ", sheet.Name)
        //遍历行读取
        for _, row := range sheet.Rows {
            // 遍历每行的列读取
            for _, cell := range row.Cells {
                text := cell.String()
                fmt.Printf("%20s", text)
            }
            fmt.Print("\n")
        }
    }
    fmt.Println("\n\nimport success")
}

执行结果如下:

[root@localhost test]# go run rexcel.go
sheet name:  Sheet1
                site                 age               email
      www.361way.com                  10      itybku@139.com
import success

二、写文件

代码如下:

package main
import(
    "strconv"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/tealeg/xlsx"
)
var (
    outFile = "/tmp/out_student.xlsx"
)
type Student struct{
    Name string
    age int
    Phone string
    Gender string
    Mail string
}
func main(){
    file := xlsx.NewFile()
    sheet, err := file.AddSheet("student_list")
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(err.Error())
    }
    stus := getStudents()
    //add data
    for _, stu := range stus{
        row := sheet.AddRow()
        nameCell := row.AddCell()
        nameCell.Value = stu.Name
        ageCell := row.AddCell()
        ageCell.Value = strconv.Itoa(stu.age)
        phoneCell := row.AddCell()
        phoneCell.Value = stu.Phone
        genderCell := row.AddCell()
        genderCell.Value = stu.Gender
        mailCell := row.AddCell()
        mailCell.Value = stu.Mail
    }
    err = file.Save(outFile)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(err.Error())
    }
    fmt.Println("\n\nexport success")
}
func getStudents()[]Student{
    students := make([]Student, 0)
    for i := 0; i < 10; i++{
        stu := Student{}
        stu.Name = "name" + strconv.Itoa(i + 1)
        stu.Mail = stu.Name + "@chairis.cn"
        stu.Phone = "1380013800" + strconv.Itoa(i)
        stu.age = 20
        stu.Gender = "男"
        students = append(students, stu)
    }
    return students
}

代码执行结果如下:

golang-write-xlsx




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