Python下载文件的方法

通过python采集时 ,经常需要从html 中获取图片或文件的URL并下载到本地,这里列举最常用的三种模块下载的方法:urllib模块、urllib2模块、requests模块。具体代码如下:

import urllib
import urllib2
import requests
url = 'http://www.test.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/wxDbViewer.zip'
print "downloading with urllib"
urllib.urlretrieve(url, "code.zip")
print "downloading with urllib2"
f = urllib2.urlopen(url)
data = f.read()
with open("code2.zip", "wb") as code:
    code.write(data)
print "downloading with requests"
r = requests.get(url)
with open("code3.zip", "wb") as code:
     code.write(r.content)

看起来使用urllib最为简单,一句语句即可。当然你可以把urllib2缩写成:

f = urllib2.urlopen(url)
with open("code2.zip", "wb") as code:
   code.write(f.read()) 

上面的方法中,还可以设置timeout参数,避免采集一直阻塞。除上面的介绍外,还可以使用pycurl 模块进行下载文件。

import pycurl
import StringIO
##### init the env ###########
c = pycurl.Curl()
c.setopt(pycurl.COOKIEFILE, "cookie_file_name")#把cookie保存在该文件中
c.setopt(pycurl.COOKIEJAR, "cookie_file_name")
c.setopt(pycurl.FOLLOWLOCATION, 1) #允许跟踪来源
c.setopt(pycurl.MAXREDIRS, 5)
#设置代理 如果有需要请去掉注释,并设置合适的参数
#c.setopt(pycurl.PROXY, 'http://11.11.11.11:8080')
#c.setopt(pycurl.PROXYUSERPWD, 'aaa:aaa')
########### get the data && save to file ###########
head = ['Accept:*/*','User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:32.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/32.0']
buf = StringIO.StringIO()
curl.setopt(pycurl.WRITEFUNCTION, buf.write)
curl.setopt(pycurl.URL, url)
curl.setopt(pycurl.HTTPHEADER,  head)
curl.perform()
the_page =buf.getvalue()
buf.close()
f = open("./%s" % ("img_filename",), 'wb')
f.write(the_page)
f.close()




本站的发展离不开您的资助,金额随意,欢迎来赏!

You can donate through PayPal.
My paypal id: itybku@139.com
Paypal page: https://www.paypal.me/361way

  1. 本文目前尚无任何评论.
  1. 本文目前尚无任何 trackbacks 和 pingbacks.