ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters

数据库在安装完成后,在启动时,报错误:ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters 
[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus /nolog
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 – Production on Fri Dec 2 15:56:00 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.
SQL> conn /as sysdba;
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup
ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file ‘/opt/oracle/product/10g/dbs/initnis.ora’
从上面报的错误不难看出是缺少了文件initnis.ora,于是执行cp /opt/oracle/admin/gaxt/pfile/init.ora.1122011151513 /opt/oracle/product/10g/dbs/initnis.ora
重新启动,
SQL> conn /as sysdba;
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 1258291200 bytes
Fixed Size                  1267236 bytes
Variable Size             318769628 bytes
Database Buffers          922746880 bytes
Redo Buffers               15507456 bytes
ORA-01102: cannot mount database in EXCLUSIVE mode
发现可以启动,上面的问题解决,但又报了一个错。解决方面请查我的另一篇日志:
 

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